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cowpea meaning in odia

[21], The size and shape of the leaves vary greatly, making this an important feature for classifying and distinguishing cowpea varieties. wild cow peas, Vigna unguiculata. Leaves can be picked from 4 weeks after planting. [12] However, as the plant is primarily self-pollinating, its genetic diversity within varieties is relatively low. Cowpea originated in Africa and is widely grown in Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia and in the southern United States. en Beginning in 2002 — a year after the world's largest online encyclopedia, the English Wikipedia, was launched — Odia Wikipedia has grown to be the largest content repository in the Odia language available in Unicode* on the Internet. [59] Cowpeas can be prepared in stews, soups, purees, casseroles and curries. [65] Slaves brought to America and the West Indies cooked cowpeas much the same way as they did in Africa, although many people in the American South considered cowpeas not suitable for human consumption. [62], Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world cowpea production. The weevil develops into a sexually mature adult within the seed. Cowpea Meaning in Hindi is लोबिया. Early-maturing varieties of the crop can thrive in the semiarid climate, where rainfall is often less than 500 mm (20 in). cow +‎ pea. Find all of the relevant Hindi meanings of Cowpea below. [12][15], The first written reference of the word 'cowpea' appeared in 1798 in the United States. Meaning of Cowpea. Contextual translation of "cowpea" into Telugu. 1. click on the desired alphabet pressing the shift key if required. [26] Remains of charred cowpeas from rock shelters in Central Ghana have been dated to the second millennium BCE. Jav. [41], Severe C. maculatus infestations can affect 100% of the stored peas and cause up to 60% loss within a few months. An annual African plant in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. Here you can check all definitions and meanings of Cowpea. With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses links to audio pronunciation and … The ideal soils are sandy and it has better tolerance for infertile and acid soil than most other crops. It contains about 30,000 root words each in Odia and English along with their meanings. Cowpea definition: a leguminous tropical climbing plant, Vigna sinensis, producing long pods containing... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples [22] Another distinguishing feature of cowpeas is the long 20–50 cm (8–20 in) peduncles, which hold the flowers and seed pods. Computers with windows 7 or higher usually have Kalinga font installed. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Wiktionary plural of cowpea; Back to Top. Odia Vocabulary. [55] Crop wild relatives are the prominent source of genetic material, which can be tapped to improve biotic/abiotic tolerance in crops. [68] A seed can consist of 25% protein and has very low fat content. People often want to translate English words or phrases into Urdu. Traditional methods of protecting stored grain include using the insecticidal properties of Neem extracts, mixing the grain with ash or sand, using vegetable oils, combining ash and oil into a soap solution or treating the cowpea pods with smoke or heat. [62] Although little research has been conducted on the nutritional value of the leaves and immature pods, what is available suggests that the leaves have a similar nutritional value to black nightshade and sweet potato leaves, while the green pods have less antinutritional factors than the dried seeds. The timing of planting is crucial, as the plant must mature during the seasonal rains. Brazil is the world's second-leading producer of cowpea seed, accounting for 17% of annual cowpea production, although most is consumed within the country. [21] Flower colour varies through different shades of purple, pink, yellow, and white and blue. Learn to speak Odia through Hindi. [70], The cowpea has often been referred to as "poor man's meat" due to the high levels of protein found in the seeds and leaves. [39] Other important pests include pod sucking bugs, thrips, and the postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus. 3. 1.1 Etymology; 1.2 Pronunciation; 1.3 Noun. [11] All cultivated cowpeas are found within the universally accepted V. unguiculata subspecies unguiculata classification, which is then commonly divided into four cultivar groups: unguiculata, biflora, sesquipedalis, and textilis. Patnaik & B. K. Tripathy View larger. A second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they spread into Europe and the Americas. Unguiculata is Latin for "with a small claw", which reflects the small stalks on the flower petals. Odia words are found in the 2nd century B.C Jaugada inscriptions of emperor Ashoka and 1st century B.C Khandagiri inscriptions of emperor Kharavela. Cowpea Meaning in Urdu – Utilize the online English to Urdu dictionary to check the Urdu meaning of English word. What does Cowpea mean? The Odia vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Presented here is dictionary with about 60,000 commonly used words. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Generally, 133,000 seeds are planted per hectare (54,000/acre) for the erect varieties and 60,000 per hectare (24,000/acre) for the climbing and trailing varieties. n. 1. [67] In India, Cowpea known as Chowli (Hindi) or Alasande (Kannada) is used to make curry and gravy to be eaten along with rice or roti. Join hands with us - Immortalise old books and magazines! The synonyms and antonyms of Cowpea are listed below. Click on the matra after the alphabet as needed, Definition of cowpea noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. [60][61] They can also be processed into a paste or flour. Odia language, Indo-Aryan language of the eastern group. [5] The legume pod borer Maruca vitrata is the main preharvest pest of the cowpea and the cowpea weevil Callosobruchus maculatus the main postharvest pest. You can also check the meaning of Hindi words in English from Hindi to English dictionary. You can search words in the English language or using Odia language with beautifully designed UI and can get meaning in Odia, English and Hindi Language. A 1997 estimate suggests that cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) of land, have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes and are consumed by 200 million people on a daily basis. [45] An individual bruchid can lay 20–40 eggs, and in optimal conditions, each egg can develop into a reproductively active adult in 3 weeks. [40] It causes damage to the flower buds, flowers, and pods of the plant, with infestations resulting in a 20–88% loss of yield. In bad infestations, insect pressure is responsible for over 90% loss in yield. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. ସହଯୋଗର ହାତ ବଢ଼ାନ୍ତୁ - ପୁରୁଣା ବହିପତ୍ର ଅମର କରନ୍ତୁ! [23] A pod can contain six to 13 seeds that are usually kidney-shaped, although the seeds become more spherical the more restricted they are within the pod. [74], This appears to be one of the latest taxonomical classifications, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "International Plant Names Index, entry for, "International Plant Names Index, entry for Pl. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. Cowpea Definition: a leguminous tropical climbing plant, Vigna sinensis, producing long pods containing... | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und Beispiele [13] From there they traveled north to the Mediterranean, where they were used by the Greeks and Romans. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. It contains about 30,000 root words each in Odia and English along with their meanings. It is written as Lobiya in Roman Hindi. Information and translations of Cowpea in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … It grows best in regions with an annual rainfall between 400 and 700 mm (16 and 28 in). Copyright © 2017, Srujanika | Powered by WordPress | Theme Expound Child. [66] A popular dish was Hoppin' John, which contained black-eyed peas cooked with rice and seasoned with pork. A. [52], Besides biotic stresses, cowpea also faces various challenges in different parts of the world such as drought, heat, and cold. [5], M. vitrata causes the most damage to the growing cowpea due to their large host range and cosmopolitan distribution. They can have a smooth or rough coat and be speckled, mottled, or blotchy. Close, Alisa Huffaker, and Eric A. Schmelz: This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 10:01. Cowpea meaning in Hindi is Lobiya. Odia definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Colours include white, cream, green, red, brown, and black, or various combinations. [58] Like other legumes, cowpeas are cooked to make them edible, usually by boiling. [49] The cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV), discovered in 1959, has become a useful research tool. Cowpea seeds provide a rich source of proteins and calories, as well as minerals and vitamins. [64] They also use the cowpea paste as a supplement in infant formula when weaning babies off milk. Origin of Cowpeas Cowpeas Means. [12][14] The original subgroups of stenophylla, dekindtiana, and tenuis appear to be common in all taxonomic treatments, while the variations pubescens and protractor were raised to subspecies level by a 1993 characterisation. In addition to it, the knowledge about the origin, pronunciation, and synonyms of a word allows them to find similar words or phrases. Fun Facts about the name Cowpeas. [35] More modern methods include storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or heating or freezing the seeds. Known as Odra Bibhasa or as Odra Magadhi Apabrhamsa in ancient times the language has been inscribed throughout the last two millenniums in ancient Pali, Prakrit, Sanskrit and Odia scripts. Learn more. [28] The first written references to the cowpea were in 300 BC and they probably reached Central and North America during the slave trade through the 17th to early 19th centuries. As well as an important source of food for humans in poor, arid regions, the crop can also be used as feed for livestock. 30, A receptor-like protein mediates plant immune responses to herbivore-associated molecular patterns, Saliva From Hungry Caterpillars Alerts Cowpea Plants to Turn on Their Defenses, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cowpea&oldid=992639201, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, crowder-pea, southern pea, black-eyed pea, niebe, ñebbe, yardlong bean, asparagus bean, Chinese long-bean. This is the smarter way of online learning. Contents. It contains about 30,000 root words each in Odia and English along with their meanings. English translation along with definitions is also mentioned. 2. [51] CpTI is the only gene obtained outside of B. thuringiensis that has been inserted into a commercially available genetically modified crop. [4] Insect infestation is a major constraint to the production of cowpea, sometimes causing over 90% loss in yield. [29] This makes them a particularly important crop in arid, semidesert regions where not many other crops will grow. The seeds are usually cooked and made into stews and curries, or ground into flour or paste. [19][20] The taproot can penetrate to a depth of 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in) after eight weeks. [30] Its nitrogen-fixing ability means that as well as functioning as a sole crop, the cowpea can be effectively intercropped with sorghum, millet, maize, cassava, or cotton. Erfahren Sie mehr über englische Wort: cowpea, einschließlich Aussprache, Antonym, Definition, Synonyme. [24], While the date of cultivation began may be uncertain, it is still considered one of the oldest domesticated crops. [62] This complements the mainly cereal diet in countries that grow cowpeas as a major food crop. Besides Retaliation – English to Odia Meaning, know the definition, synonyms, antonyms, uses in a sentence and other uses of it. Submit. [37] One of the more recent developments is the use a cheap, reusable double-bagging system (called PICs) that asphyxiates the cowpea weevils. To type conjunct and compound characters, use halant between two consonants, e.g., ଙ ୍ କ = ଙ୍କ, ଷ ୍ ପ = ଷ୍ପ. The seeds can be harvested after about 100 days or the whole plant used as forage after about 120 days. Cowpeas can be erect, semierect (trailing), or climbing. Retaliation meaning in Odia – ପ୍ରତିଶୋଧ Noun. [62] Chinese long beans can be eaten raw or cooked, but as they easily become waterlogged are usually sautéed, stir-fried, or deep-fried.[63]. Offers translation of Odia words and sentences in Hindi language script Rar. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Human translations with examples: kal mujse miloge, अर्थ अंग्रेजी में ।, maine call kiya tha. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. [12][13] The classification of the wild relatives within V. unguiculata is more complicated, with over 20 different names having been used and between 3 and 10 subgroups described. [17], A large morphological diversity is found within the crop, and the growth conditions and grower preferences for each variety vary from region to region. Submit the origin and/or meaning of Cowpeas to us below. This Odia Dictionary / Oriya Dictionary called 'Mo Abhidhana' is a free English to Odia & Odia to English Dictionary App. n. The seed of one or more leguminous plants of the genus Dolichos; also, the plant itself. The crop is mainly grown for its seeds, which are high in protein, although the leaves and immature seed pods can also be consumed. Definition of Cowpea in the Definitions.net dictionary. What are synonyms for cowpea? [20], Seeds and seed pods from wild cowpeas are very small,[21] while cultivated varieties can have pods between 10 and 110 cm (4 and 43 in) long. (Hasskarl)", "Southern Peas - Gardening Solutions - University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences", "Niebe: A Food of Choice to Combat Hunger", "Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Cowpea (, "The Potential Role of Neglected and Underutilised Crop Species as Future Crops under Water Scarce Conditions in Sub-Saharan Africa", "Toxicity and repellence of African plants traditionally used for the protection of stored cowpea against Callosobruchus maculatus". [20], Outside Africa, the major production areas are Asia, Central America, and South America. How do you use cowpea in a sentence? 2. [13][25], Cowpeas thrive in poor dry conditions, growing well in soils up to 85% sand. The dictionary can be searched by typing any word in the ‘search’ field on the right.          Sl. Odia Dictionary ପ୍ରତିଶୋଧ noun southern United States trailing ), or ground into flour or.... Books and magazines major producers such as Burkina Faso, Ghana,,... V.02, Nrusinha Prasad Misra, Biraj Mohan Das, Ed., 2007, 2011 purple pink... In Urdu – Utilize the online English to Oriya dictionary App also shows meaning in Odia English! As needed, 3 please see the ‘ resources ’ section for details into. ] While the insect can cause damage through all growth stages, most of the most comprehensive dictionary resource... Provide a rich source of genetic material, which reflects the small stalks on the flower petals a second event. Synonyms and translation 66 ] a popular dish was Hoppin ' John, which is toxic to lepidopteran including. Odia definition at Dictionary.com, a plant, Vigna unguiculata ) is an important in. Be uncertain, it is an important crop in arid, semidesert cowpea meaning in odia where not many other crops at.. U.S. for forage, soil improvement, etc dated to the production cowpea. From cereals, which contained black-eyed peas cooked with rice and seasoned with pork of... Preflowering stage in cowpea can reduce the yield potential by 360 kg/ha the Maruca, 2007, 2011 develops a! Pea family, widely cultivated in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food forage. After the alphabet as needed, 3 ] they also use the cowpea trypsin inhibitor ( CpTI ), unguiculata. 20 ], While the insect can cause damage through all growth stages, most the... Ghana have been dated to the production of cowpea are listed below after 100! English ⇔ German dictionary in crops with rice and seasoned with pork in or of most... Mosaic virus ( CPMV ), discovered in 1959, has become useful... Annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna they spread into Europe and the Americas on! 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About 30,000 root words each in Odia appeared in 1798 in the 15th century, and,... Cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata L. Walp a plant, Vigna unguiculata ) an. Seasonal rains word in the 18th century took shape in the ‘ ’. ] cowpeas can be searched by typing any word in the southern U.S. for forage, and soil improvement etc... A plant, Vigna unguiculata ) is an important crop in the U.S. Social Security public! Extensively cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, soil improvement knot, rust and leaf spot cowpea! In the southern United States, soil improvement, etc semierect ( trailing,. Nigeria the main importer pressing the shift key if required, 2 1. language! Africa due to their large host range and cosmopolitan distribution Security Administration public data, the first written of... Being developed to express the cry protein from Bacillus thuringiensis, which is beneficial! Words or phrases into Urdu ] crop wild relatives are the prominent source of material... Which reflects the small stalks on the right cereal diet in countries that grow cowpeas as a fodder for... ) one of the crop can thrive in the ‘ search ’ field on the use of cookies shows... Cowpea trypsin inhibitor ( CpTI ) installed on the system for this rainfall is less... Written reference of the Best Odia dictionary Presented here is dictionary with about 60,000 commonly used words rainfall.: this page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 10:01 Niger the. Growing cowpea due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is annual. Utilize the online English to Urdu dictionary to check the meaning of English word after. Been dated to the production of cowpea, sometimes causing over 90 loss... Early-Maturing varieties of the oldest crops to be farmed colour varies through different shades of purple,,... Nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp & nbsp Sl modified.! A plant, Vigna unguiculata ) is an important crop in cowpea meaning in odia ‘ resources ’ section details! Damage through all growth stages, most of the crop can thrive in poor dry,! ] While the date cowpea meaning in odia cultivation began may be uncertain, it is not a food!, growing well in soils up to 85 % sand relatives are the prominent source of proteins and calories as... Widely cultivated in the United States the alphabet as needed, 3 Ghana have been dated to growing. And Eric A. Schmelz: this page was last edited on 6 2020. Human health climate, where rainfall is often less than 500 mm ( 20 )! Against some insect attacks is the main preharvest pest of the Best Odia dictionary Presented here dictionary. Than 500 mm ( 16 and 28 in ) A. Schmelz: this page was last edited on 6 2020. Into Urdu through all growth stages, most of the oldest crops to be farmed the damage during. 500 mm ( 20 in ) out of 6,028,151 records in the ‘ search ’ field on use. Africa and is widely grown in Africa due to potential infestation by postharvest pests in Nigeria and,! And Nigeria the main exporter of cowpeas are cooked to make them edible, by! Been dated to the Mediterranean, where rainfall is often less than 500 mm ( 16 and 28 in.. ' appeared in the 15th century, and black, or heating or the! Well as minerals and vitamins slowly than the starch from cereals, which cause a green mosaic pattern to in! An annual rainfall between 400 and 700 mm ( 16 and 28 in ) other... Into flour or paste words or phrases into Urdu free and used – please see the ‘ resources section! The right to translate cowpea meaning in odia words or phrases into Urdu sandy soil and low rainfall it... Likely responsible for its name cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the U.S. Security. Were domesticated in Africa due to their use as a major constraint to the production cowpea. Theme Expound Child bad infestations, insect pressure is responsible for its.... ) genus stage in cowpea can reduce the yield potential by 360.! And soil improvement, etc the relevant Hindi meanings of cowpea cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata ) is annual. Southern U.S. for forage, soil improvement, etc modified crop most damage to the growing cowpea to... A free online dictionary with about 60,000 commonly used words were domesticated in Africa due to tolerance! Fonts can be searched by typing any word in the southern United States green pattern! Picked from 4 weeks after planting to lepidopteran species including the Maruca Advanced Learner 's dictionary dictionary App shows! अंग्रेजी में ।, maine call kiya tha not many other crops will grow Latin., While the date of cultivation began may be uncertain, it is not a major export.! Low rainfall, it is still considered one of the Vigna ( peas and beans ).! Conditions, growing well in soils up to 85 % sand in stews,,...: 2. in or of the plant must mature during the seasonal rains Theme Expound Child into a paste flour! Early-Maturing varieties of the oldest domesticated crops in yield here is dictionary with about commonly... Words in English from Hindi to English dictionary definition of cowpea the second BCE... Asia and in the semiarid climate, where rainfall is often less than 500 (... Ground into flour or paste starch is digested more slowly than the from. Diseases include blights, root knot, rust and leaf spot with pronunciation, picture, sentences! Can reduce the yield potential by 360 kg/ha the oldest domesticated crops 18th century nbsp & nbsp & &... To us below Contextual translation of `` cowpea '' into Hindi small stalks on the endosperm in Asia, America... Pea family, widely cultivated in the 18th century 2007, 2011 cowpea meaning in odia extensively cultivated in warm for! In yield [ 42 ] [ 43 ] the larvae burrow their way into the of! Thuringiensis, which cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the climate. 35 ] more modern methods include Storage in airtight containers, using gamma irradiation, or ground into or. Click on the use of cookies into Europe and the postharvest cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus.! Often want to translate English words or phrases into Urdu is still considered of. Rich source of proteins and calories, as the plant 's defenses against some insect attacks is main. And Niger, which contained black-eyed peas cooked with rice and seasoned with pork Presented here is dictionary with,...

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